The “Shaanxi Earthquake” (formerly known as “Jiajing Great Earthquake”), had an estimated Moment Magnitude of 8 and had an estimated intensity of XI on the Modified Mercalli scale. MEA100 video by Qihao Lu. Over 97 counties in the region were affected by the earthquake. As head of the U.S. State Department, Albright was the highest ranking female official in U.S. more, On January 23, 1957, machines at the Wham-O toy company roll out the first batch of their aerodynamic plastic discs—now known to millions of fans all over the world as Frisbees. The 1556 Shaanxi earthquake is associated with three major faults, which form the boundaries of the Wei River basin. 1556 Shaanxi earthquake Magnitude 8 Earthquake (23 Janaury 1556) in Shaanxi, China; regarded as deadliest earthquake in recorded history На карте красным центром отмечена Шэньси, охровым — другие районы Китая, затронутые землетрясением. According to Rong-Gong Lin II of the LA Times, to put a magnitude of 8 in perspective, an intensity 10 earthquake is extreme, … Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The resultant damage, across a region stretching for hundreds of miles, was extensive, and the loss of life horrific. The deadliest earthquake ever recorded The deadliest earthquake ever recorded hit Shaanxi on the 23rd January 1556. Epi-centered in the Wei river basin in modern Shaanxi, the upheaval is estimated to have registered 8 on the Richter scale. The epicenter is located on the Wei River Valley Basin. The 1556 Shaanxi earthquake was a very bad earthquake that occurred on the morning of 23 January 1556 in Shaanxi, during the Ming Dynasty. The earthquake (estimated at magnitude 8) struck Shaanxi and neighbouring Shanxi province to the east early on Jan. 23, 1556, killing or injuring an estimated 830,000 people. In Huaxian, every single building and home collapsed, killing more than half the residents of the city, a number estimated in the tens of thousands. On January 23, 1556, an earthquake in Shaanxi, China, kills an estimated 830,000 people. Later scientific investigation revealed that the magnitude of the quake was approximately 8.0 to 8.3, which isn’t close to the strongest tremor on record. Proceedings. ; traditional Chinese: ????? HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. This article was most recently revised and updated by, Lindbergh was born in 1902 in more. This video is unavailable. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The 1556 Shaanxi earthquake or Jiajing earthquake is the deadliest earthquake on record, killing approximately 830,000 people.. The 1556 Shaanxi earthquake was a very bad earthquake that occurred on the morning of 23 January 1556 in Shaanxi, during the Ming Dynasty. The 1556 Shaanxi yirdquauk or Jiajing yirdquauk (Cheenese: 嘉靖大地震; pinyin: Jiājìng Dàdìzhèn) wis a catastrophic yirdquauk an is also the deadliest yirdquauk on record, killin approximately 830,000 fowk. On January 23, 1556, the deadliest earthquake in history occurred in Shaanxi, China. [1] In it is stated that there were three main shocks for the 1556 earthquake, occurring about 25 hours apart on the first three days of February. Robeson’s physical strength, size and grace made him one of the elite sports figures of his generation, but his stature in other fields—music, theater, politics, human rights— more, Darrell Lunsford, a county constable in Garrison, Texas, is killed after pulling over a traffic violator. More than 97 counties in the provinces of Shaanxi, Shanxi, Henan, Gansu, Hebei, Shandong, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu and Anhui were affected. In fact, according to History, the Shaanxi earthquake of 1556 wasn’t even close, with an estimated magnitude of 8.0–8.3. Just better. The epicenter of the earthquake was in the Wei River Valley in the Shaanxi Province, near the cities of Huaxian, Weinan and Huayin. D&D Beyond By early November 1918, things were looking dismal for the Central more, Charles A. Lindbergh, a national hero since his nonstop solo flight across the Atlantic, testifies before the House Foreign Affairs Committee on the Lend-Lease policy-and suggests that the United States negotiate a neutrality pact with Hitler. His murder was remarkable because it was captured on a camera set up in Lunsford’s patrol vehicle. Even if the number of deaths caused by the Shaanxi earthquake has been overestimated slightly, it would still rank as the worst disaster in history by a considerable margin. The local records indicate that, in addition to inspiring searches for the causes of earthquakes, this particular quake led the people in the region affected to search for ways to minimize the damage caused by such disasters. He began by more. Watch Queue Queue In some places, 60-foot-deep crevices opened in the earth. It measured more than 8 on our scale of earthquake strength, damaged parts of ten neighboring provinces in addition to the Shaanxi one, and was so strong that half of China felt its impact. Serious destruction and death occurred as much as 300 miles away from the epicenter. At a graduation ceremony at a church in Geneva, New York on January 23, 1849, Geneva Medical College bestows a medical degree upon Elizabeth Blackwell, the first woman in the United States to receive one. The previous fall, Malcolm Clarke, an more, The singer, actor, athlete and activist Paul Robeson dies at the age of 79 on January 23, 1976. These annals, which record 26 other destructive earthquakes in the province, describe the destruction caused by the 1556 earthquake in a level of vivid detail that is unique among these records. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. The 1556 Shaanxi earthquake is the deadliest earthquake on record, having killed about 830,000 people. The earthquake (estimated at magnitude 8) struck Shaanxi and neighbouring Shanxi province to the east early on Jan. 23, 1556,