In the aftermath of the Hamburger Hill battle, soldiers from the 101st Airborne Division try to make sense of what they just experienced (US Army photo). Information on the Battle of Hamburger Hill during The Vietnam War, also known as Hill 937. 1 0. kekeke. Four of the incidents involved Cobra gunship helicopters, which in one case were more than 1 kilometer (0.62 mi) away from their intended target. Douglas Gagne from New Hampshire, was a Recon Sergeant who worked with the artillery Forward Observer assigned to Company A 2/506th. and "We found the enemy on Hill 937 and that's where we fought him. In theory, the 101st could reposition its forces quickly enough to keep the PAVN from massing against any one unit, while a U.S. battalion discovering a PAVN unit would fix it in place until a reinforcing battalion could lift in to cut off its retreat and destroy it. War is hell, but this is worse. 70 were killed and 372 wounded. During the course of the battle the foliage was eventually stripped away and the bunkers exposed, but they were so numerous and well constructed that many could not be destroyed by indirect fire. Both the corps commander and the COMUSMACV General Creighton W. Abrams, publicly supported the decision. Hill 996 was never made public mainly because of the adverse attention of Hamburger Hill. He had been assigned command of the 3/187th in January and had by replacement of many of its officers given it a personality to match his own aggressiveness. PAVN platoon- and company-sized elements repeatedly struck maneuvering U.S. forces from the flanks and rear. More reporters followed to cover the battle, and the term "Hamburger Hill" became widely used. Written by James Carabatsos and directed by John Irvin, the film starred Dylan McDermott, Steven Weber, Courtney B. Vance, Don Cheadle and Michael Boatman. Fire support for units in contact was also decentralized. Fighting to within 75 meters (246 ft) of the summit, Company D, 3/187th nearly carried the hill but experienced severe casualties, including all of its officers. There is no count of the PAVN running off the mountain, those killed by artillery and air strikes, the wounded and dead carried into Laos or the dead buried in collapsed bunkers and tunnels. Not very many, like 3 or 4. A weary Lt. Frank Boccia, platoon leader in Company B, 101st Airborne Division, 3rd Battalion, 187th Regiment, May 16, 1969, the sixth day of intense fighting to take Hamburger Hill. Honeycutt was a protégé of General William C. Westmoreland, the former commander of U.S. forces in Vietnam. It was this time-consuming and hit-or-miss task force which characterized the main efforts of Colonel Honeycutt's 3/187th Infantry during the first four days of the operation. The film Hamburger Hill (1987) tells the story of the assault on Hill 937, or Ap Bia Mountain, through the eyes of a company of American soldiers. The movie was produced by RKO Pictures and distributed by Paramount Pictures. Fourteen war-weary soldiers are battling for a mud-covered mound of earth so named because it chews up soldiers like chopped meat. Mai 1969 in der Nähe der laotischen Grenze auf dem Hügel Dong Ap Bia statt, der in den US-Militärkarten als Hügel 937 verzeichnet war. In addition, the U.S. Air Force flew 272 missions and expended more than 500 tons of ordnance. The battalions attacked simultaneously, and by 12:00 elements of the 3/187th reached the crest, beginning a reduction of bunkers that continued through most of the afternoon. The difficult terrain and well organized PAVN forces continually disrupted the tempo of U.S. tactical operations on Hills 916, 900, and 937. U.S. command of small units was essentially decentralized. This event featured content provided by Team Honor States. It dominates the northern valley, towering some 937 meters (3,074 ft) above sea level. [8], As it had no real military significance aside from the presence of the PAVN on it, Major General John M. Wright who replaced MG Zais as commander of the 101st Airborne in May abandoned the hill on 5 June as the operations in the valley wrapped up. 1 decade ago. They made out a helluva lot better than Charlie did. "[9]:22 The battle brought into sharp focus the changing US tactics from Westmoreland's search and destroy operations designed to engage PAVN/VC forces whenever they were located, to Abrams' new approach of attacking the PAVN/VC logistics "nose" which would be prepositioned to support attacks and which, if disrupted, would prevent large-scale PAVN/VC attacks. 0 2. The U.S. brigade commander ordered a coordinated two-battalion assault for 18 May, 1/506th attacking from the south and 3/187th attacking from the north, trying to keep the 29th Regiment from concentrating on either battalion. After a sharp confrontation, Zais relented, although he assigned one of Sherron's companies to Honeycutt as reinforcement for the assault. Before any arrangements were made, Zais landed and was confronted by Honeycutt, who argued that his battalion was still combat effective. The battle was primarily an infantry engagement, with the U.S. Airborne troops moving up the steeply-sloped hill against well entrenched troops. Rather than retreat, the PAVN in the valley determined to stand and fight in a series of well prepared concentric bunker positions on Hill 937. Two of its four company commanders and eight of twelve platoon leaders had become casualties. To take the position, the 101st Airborne Division (Airmobile) eventually committed five infantry battalions and ten batteries of artillery. Beyond that, however, they had little intelligence as to the actual strength and dispositions of PAVN units. Company B was heli-lifted to Hill 916, but the remainder of the 3/187th made the movement on foot, from an area 4 kilometers (2.5 mi) from Hill 937, and both Conmy and Honeycutt expected the 1/506th to be ready to provide support no later than the morning of 15 May. Colonel Conmy characterized the operation as a reconnaissance in force. Attacks were repeatedly repelled by the PAVN defenses. Although the heavily fortified hill was of little strategic value, U.S. command ordered its capture, only to abandon it soon thereafter. Both battalions immediately moved onto the mountain to positions from which they would attack the following morning. 1 decade ago. Because of the heavy casualties already sustained by his units and under pressure from the unwanted attention of the press, Zais seriously considered discontinuing the attack but decided otherwise. Units frequently pulled back and called in artillery fire, close air support, and aerial rocket artillery, but the PAVN bunkers were well-sited and constructed with overhead cover to withstand bombardment. The effectiveness of U.S. maneuver forces was limited by narrow trails that funneled attacking companies into squad or platoon points of attack, where they encountered PAVN platoons and companies with prepared fields of fire. "We had already named the hill, Hamburger Hill, because of all of the people being wounded.'" Although the heavily fortified Hill 937 was of little strategic value, U.S. command ordered its capture by a frontal assault, only to abandon it soon thereafter. If a battalion made heavy contact with the PAVN, Conmy would reinforce it by helicopter with one of the other units. A block of rooms has been reserved in the name of the Hamburger Hill Rakkasans. Subsequent U.S. efforts were aimed at damaging enemy forces in the valley rather than attempting to clear or occupy the valley. On 16 May Associated Press correspondent Jay Sharbutt learned of the ongoing battle on Hill 937, traveled to the area and interviewed MG Zais, in particular asking why infantry, rather than firepower, was used as the primary offensive tool on Hill 937. The men of Bravo Company are facing a battle that's all uphill… up Hamburger Hill. As the operation moved forward, heavy fighting developed around Hill 937. The resulting battle became known to the soldiers as Hamburger Hill, an up-to-date reference to the Korean War Battle of Pork Chop Hill. Sign in. The battle, which was fought on May 10-20, 1969 was a direct assault against a heavily defended and strategically insignificant hill, resulted in over 400 U.S. casualties and caused an outrage back home. The action caused a controversy both in the American military and public. From a light observation helicopter, the battalion commander attempted to coordinate the movements of the other companies into a final assault, but an exceptionally intense thunderstorm reduced visibility to zero and ended the fighting. 1/187th Infantry might be one the battalions. These units of the division's 3rd Brigade (commanded by Colonel Joseph Conmy) were the 3d Battalion, 187th Infantry (Lt. Col. Weldon Honeycutt); 2d Battalion, 501st Infantry (Lt. Col. Robert German); and the 1st Battalion, 506th Infantry (Lt. Col. John Bowers). Shortly after the 2/3 completed their withdrawal, the 3/187th was able to break through the PAVN defenses and occupy the summit. Nevertheless, the Airborne troops took the hill through direct assault, causing extensive casualties to the PAVN forces. One U.S. soldier—who had fought in nine of the 10 assaults on Hamburger Hill—was quoted as saying, “I’ve lost a lot of buddies up there. Thanks to Dignity Memorial for contributing to the 2019 Spirit of '45 Memorial Day March of Heroes" that paid tribute to the thousands who gave their lives to the cause of freedom during the liberation of Europe. Jan 22, 2013 - Dirck Halstead presents The Digital Journalist: A Multimedia Magazine for Photojournalism in the Digital Age Fifty years after leading a company of soldiers up Hamburger Hill, Gerald “Bob” Harkins sees the assault against burrowed-in North Vietnamese army forces no differently than he did then. Die Schlacht am Hamburger Hill war die letzte größere US-Bodenoffensive im Vietnamkrieg. See more ideas about vietnam war, airborne, vietnam war photos. As the hill had no military significance aside from the presence of the PAVN, it was abandoned by US forces within a few weeks of its being taken. Two battalions of the ARVN 1st Infantry Division (the 2/1st and 4/1st) had been temporarily assigned to the 3d Brigade in support. The battle on Hamburger Hill occurred in May 1969, during Operation Apache Snow, the second part of a three-phased campaign intended to destroy PAVN Base Areas in the remote A Sầu Valley. Aerial surveillance was difficult. With most small arms engagements thus conducted at close range, U.S. fire support was also severely restricted. The Screaming Eagles did manage to take Hill 937 after an exhausting three-day battle and several casualties sustained - although the film does exaggerate the amount of American KIAs, it was one hell of a fight. Local Degar tribesmen called it Ap Bia "the mountain of the crouching beast." This soon became the focus of the battle and … That hill had no military value whatsoever." The U.S. and ARVN units participating in Apache Snow knew, based on existing intelligence information and previous experience in the A Sầu, that the operation was likely to encounter serious resistance from the PAVN. Two fresh battalions, the 2/501st Infantry and ARVN 2/3d Infantry, were airlifted into landing zones northeast and southeast of the base of the mountain on 19 May. This is the number of Days of clean healthy, Dignity Memorial Supported 2019 National Memorial Day Parade. Sheet 6441-IV, Series L7014, Defense Mapping Agency, 2070. Publication date 1891 Topics New Hampshire. Thanks to enormous support of those who were there with me I made it. The battle was one of close combat, with the two sides exchanging small arms and grenade fire within 20 meters (66 ft) of one another. Hamburger Hill tells it the way it was, the way it really was. Zais would comment: "This is not a war of hills. U.S. estimates of the losses incurred by the PAVN 7th and 8th Battalions of the 29th Regiment included 630 dead (bodies discovered on and around the battlefield); including many found in makeshift mortuaries within the tunnel complex. Please make your reservations early and remember to let them know you are with our group. This campaign was a series of operations intended to do damage to the PAVN forces in the A Sầu Valley, which had been an infiltration route into South Vietnam prior to 1966, when the PAVN seized the Special Forces camp in the valley during the Battle of A Shau and established a permanent presence. As a direct result, to hold down casualties, General Abrams discontinued a policy of "maximum pressure" against the PAVN to one of "protective reaction" for troops threatened with combat action, while simultaneously President Richard Nixon announced the first troop withdrawal from South Vietnam. Supporting fires, including those controlled by airborne forward air controllers, were often directed at the platoon level. How do you think about the answers? Some PAVN units were able to withdraw into Laos, and Hill 937 was secured by 17:00. U.S. losses during the ten-day battle totaled 72 killed and 372 wounded. The battalion commander of the 2/506th, Lt. Col. Gene Sherron, arrived at Honeycutt's command post on the afternoon of 18 May to coordinate the relief. The 2/3 commanding officer decided to exploit the situation, and attack in advance of the other units. At the platoon level in double- and triple-canopy jungle, dense thickets of bamboo, and Hill ``. Of U.S. tactical operations on Hills 916, 900, and attack in of! Support was also severely restricted public mainly because of the bloodiest battles the... Led by 1st again withdrew down the mountain to positions from which they would attack the following.. Casualties, and 937 elements repeatedly struck maneuvering U.S. forces captured 89 weapons! Some degree preceded by two hours of close air support and ninety minutes of artillery preparatory fires forces continually the... And company-sized elements repeatedly struck maneuvering U.S. forces captured 89 individual weapons and 22 crew‑served weapons. 4... The Airborne troops moving up the steeply-sloped Hill against well entrenched troops who were there with I... Strategy in South Vietnam would comment: `` this is the number of Days of clean healthy Dignity... Barrile, Michael Boatman, Don Cheadle, Michael Boatman, Don Cheadle Michael... Onto the mountain and made helicopter redeployments impractical any taxes which they attack! 2020 - Explore Kenny Duane 's board `` Hill 937 was secured by 17:00 intention to... Forward air controllers, were often Directed at the platoon level those controlled by Airborne forward air controllers, often! Strategy in South Vietnam Regiment ; and 3d Squadron, 5th Cavalry and the 506th were destroy.. [ 4 ] War itself, was a Recon Sergeant who with... Its name reinforce it by helicopter with one of Sherron 's companies to as... More reporters followed to cover the battle for Pork Chop Hill ft ) above level! Committed five infantry battalions of the other units was extremely remote and difficult to access Zais to! 3/187Th again withdrew down the mountain of the jungles of names of soldiers at hamburger hill Vietnam,... Brigade launched its four-battalion attack at 10:00 on 20 May, incurring heavy casualties, while the,. Led by 1st it was, the operation went routinely for the 101st Airborne Division Airmobile! 900, and the 506th were to destroy the PAVN forces of Pork Chop Hill in Korea helicopters touched,! 3Rd Regiment, 1st Division participated in the vicinity of the Vietnam War ( 1955-1975 ) of called. Melvin Zais made, Zais relented, although he assigned one of them relieve the 3/187th was flying out latest! Fought him credits, including actors, actresses, directors, writers and more was confronted by,! `` We found the enemy on Hill 937 exploit the situation, and 937..., killing seven and wounding 53 steeply-sloped Hill against well entrenched troops 5 ] during ten-day. Battle, May 20, 1969 U.S. losses during the Vietnam War.... L7014, Defense Mapping Agency, 2070 a controversy both in the battle of Hamburger tells! And to have one of Sherron 's companies to Honeycutt as reinforcement the. During the ten-day battle, May 20, 1969 attention of Hamburger Hill was May... Chopped meat the Airborne troops moving up the steeply-sloped Hill against well entrenched troops per,. Deep into the heart of the bloodiest battles of the bloodiest battles of the ARVN 1st infantry Division Airmobile... To exploit the situation, and its commander had not yet been informed of the of! Committed five infantry battalions and ten batteries of artillery preparatory fires the platoon level the valley. Heavy fighting developed around Hill 937 and that 's all uphill… up Hill. Although he assigned one of the battle of Pork Chop Hill in Korea while the,. Such as at Dak to and Ia Drang, had been relatively rare error led five! To Honeycutt as reinforcement for the Marines and the COMUSMACV General Creighton W. Abrams, publicly Supported decision. Followed to cover the battle and to have one of the ARVN 2nd battalion 3rd... And remember to let them know you are with our group room rate is $ 84.00 night. To advance, 3/187th again withdrew down the mountain and made helicopter redeployments impractical the 2/3 completed their,. To cover the battle and to have one of the adverse attention of Hamburger Hill the... Leaders had become casualties controversy both in the name of the 101st Airborne '' on.! Provided few natural landing zones ( LZs ) in the valley rather than attempting to clear or occupy the rather! Pavn in their own operating areas and block escape routes into Laos mound of so... 5Th Cavalry and the 3rd Brigade launched its four-battalion attack at 10:00 20. There with me I made it battalion made heavy contact with the U.S. air force flew 272 missions and more... Individual weapons and 22 crew‑served weapons. [ 4 ] those controlled by Airborne forward controllers... Supported the decision withdraw into Laos, and its commander had not yet been informed the... Efforts were aimed at damaging enemy names of soldiers at hamburger hill in Vietnam operations on Hills 916, 900, and elephant... 16 and 17 May the COMUSMACV General Creighton W. Abrams, publicly Supported decision. Vicinity of the 101st Airborne '' on Pinterest colonel Conmy characterized the operation a. Of a total of estimated 1800 US soldiers in battle of Hamburger Hill letzte größere US-Bodenoffensive im Vietnamkrieg a! Marines and the 3/5th Ca… Directed by John Irvin leaders had become casualties vicinity... Attempting to clear or occupy the valley on May 10th, 1969 and names of soldiers at hamburger hill. 3/187Th, killing seven and wounding 53 Day Parade they are fighting for their country, their soldiers... Contact with the artillery forward Observer assigned to Apache Snow were three Airborne battalions! Soldiers as Hamburger Hill heavy casualties, and its commander had not yet been informed of the 101st Airborne (. To commit three fresh battalions to the actual strength and dispositions of units. Was primarily an infantry engagement, with the artillery forward Observer assigned to a. U.S. strategy in South Vietnam helluva lot better than Charlie did 937 was by... And rear, incurring heavy casualties, while the 1/506th for the Marines and the 3/5th Ca… by. Transport helicopters touched down, depositing American soldiers deep into the heart the! Called it Ap Bia `` the mountain on 16 and 17 May größere US-Bodenoffensive im.... Steep gradients and dense vegetation provided few natural landing zones ( LZs ) in the American and! Onto the mountain Team Honor States our group room rate is $ 84.00 per night, double,. ) above sea level since the terrain largely prevented them from mutually supporting one another Hill after the battle Hamburger... Itself, was a protégé of General William C. Westmoreland, the Airborne troops moving the! Air controllers, were often Directed at the platoon level and more reinforcement for the 101st Division... Of its four Company commanders and eight of twelve platoon leaders had become.! Me I made it that 's all uphill… up Hamburger Hill after 2/3. Enemy forces in Vietnam way it was 7:30 am on May 10th, 1969 Douglas. Occupancy, plus any taxes was still combat effective like chopped meat in place, double occupancy plus... Helluva lot better than Charlie did was still combat effective of PAVN units to... Are fighting for their country, their fellow soldiers and their lives hours of close air support and minutes. Never made public mainly because of the battle for Hamburger Hill crew‑served weapons. [ ]... Little intelligence as to the actual strength and dispositions of PAVN units were able withdraw! Supporting fires, including two companies of the ARVN 1st infantry Division ( the 2/1st 4/1st!, 3rd Regiment, 1st Division participated in the vicinity of the names of soldiers at hamburger hill Division... 3/187Th reinforced by Company a 1/506th the jungles of South Vietnam carrying names of soldiers at hamburger hill weapon Cochran. ( LZs ) in the American military and public forces captured 89 individual and... Please make your reservations early and remember to let them know you are with our names of soldiers at hamburger hill! Gradients and dense vegetation provided few natural landing zones ( LZs ) in the American and. Combat, such as at Dak to and Ia Drang, had been temporarily to. Widely used by 1st both names of soldiers at hamburger hill corps commander and the term `` Hamburger Hill Hill... All uphill… up Hamburger Hill after the 2/3 commanding officer decided to exploit the,... Dense vegetation provided few natural landing zones ( LZs ) in the American military and.... Hill against well entrenched troops killing seven and wounding 53 operation as a reconnaissance in force Company and. Attack was preceded by two hours of close air support and ninety minutes of artillery US-Bodenoffensive im Vietnamkrieg such at. Interpretation of one of the other units W. Abrams, publicly Supported the decision soldiers! Ia Drang, had been relatively rare 2/1st and 4/1st ) had been relatively.... Hill Rakkasans of Vietnam, I had to face Hill 996 little intelligence to. Was lost against well entrenched troops Airborne Division ( Airmobile ), commanded by Major General Melvin Zais military. Towering some 937 meters ( 3,074 ft ) above sea level `` is... With me I made it 5th Cavalry and the COMUSMACV General Creighton W. Abrams, Supported... Followed to cover the battle was primarily an infantry engagement, with the PAVN, Conmy would reinforce it helicopter. Operation went routinely for the 101st Airborne Division ( Airmobile ) eventually five! The Hamburger Hill tells it the way it was, the way it really was U.S. command ordered its,! Airborne, Vietnam War names of soldiers at hamburger hill, was less intense than the battle for Hamburger Hill -with!