Associate multimedia files to caption files; label as captioned version. Designers should provide (text) equivalent descriptions for images, and pass them along to the developer(s). Sounds obvious? Do not play any audio content automatically.      , An alert (role="alert") does not require a user action. Avoid using position: absolute to place content on page. In designs show the media player with caption control (CC) and audio description control (AD) buttons visible along-side the other user controls. Best Practice: Do not skip heading levels or go out of sequence. Screen readers typically say "Alert dialog" when an alert dialog pops up. The link can be made invisible until it gets focus so that sighted keyboard users can also use it. Select Figures Alternate Text in the Accessibility Checker panel, and choose Fix from the Options menu. Note 7: Setting user preferences within the content to produce a conforming version is an acceptable mechanism for reaching another version as long as the method used to set the preferences is accessibility supported. Provide adequate labels and instructions to help users accurately complete form fields. Web pages should be designed to be "responsive" to the size of the display on which they are viewed. Section 508 is an important amendment to The Rehabilitation Act that protects the right of people with disabilities to have equal access to electronic and information technology. page elements. Otherwise, the focus will be lost, effectively sending the focus back to the top of the Document Object Model (DOM). Do not use ONLY color to indicate errors, such as a red outline around the field. No. Do all informational images have alt text that provides the same level of understanding a visual user would gain? For all user interface components (including but not limited to: form elements; links; and components generated by scripts), the name and role can be programmatically determined; states, properties, and values that can be set by the user can be programmatically set; and notification of changes to these items is available to user agents, including assistive technologies. Watch video (1:12 mins) Check whether alternate text has been used and is appropriate / sufficient. Adding alternative text for images is the imperative, and needs to be done correctly: Alternatively, you can include the same information conveyed by the image within the body of the document, providing the images as an alternate to the text. When adding an element to the keyboard tab order, use tabindex="0". An Alternative text description is to be provided for every image or graphic. TESTING DOCUMENTS FOR 508 COMPLIANCE To check your document for 508 issues or compliance open the document in a 508 true tester. No part of the page is hidden or obscured or made unavailable at any time. Navigation mechanisms can be any repeated information on pages and are not limited to links and menus. If the purpose of non-text content is to confirm the content is being accessed by a person rather than a computer, then text alternatives that identify and describe the purpose of the non-text content are provided, and alternative forms of CAPTCHA using output modes for different types of sensory perception are provided to accommodate different disabilities. The destination or function of each link/button should be clearly explained in the link/button text or programmatically-determined link context. If a CAPTCHA is used, require the CAPTCHA test to have a text alternative that describes its purpose, and require that an alternate form of the CAPTCHA, using a different modality, also be provided. How to test. Provide this information with the error notification (3.3.1). Except for captions and images of text, text can be resized without assistive technology up to 200 percent without loss of content or functionality. But there’s no way to disassociate the alt text from the image. IMG must have an alt attribute for valid HTML5. For all user interface components (including, but not limited to, form elements, links, and components generated by scripts), the name and role can be programmatically determined; states, properties, and values that can be set by the user can be programmatically set; and notification of changes to these items is available to user agents, including assistive technologies (Level A). Plan for a site map or other ways for a user to reach a page in more than one way. Review ARIA tooltip example. If the default size of the headings is too big for the look you have in mind, use styles to change the size, rather than jumping down to a lower heading level. Every image, applet, embedded media, plug-in, etc. Audio description is provided for all prerecorded video content in synchronized media. We are introducing two new improvements to make it easier for people with visual impairments to use Instagram. Conformance (and conformance level) is for full web page(s) only, and cannot be achieved if part of a web page is excluded. Identify the repetitive content on pages and the location of where a skip mechanism should land. Result. How to Create 508 Compliant Microsoft PowerPoint Presentations. Large Text is at least 18 point text or at least 14 point for bold text. Use instead. (Conformance is not possible at a particular level if any page in the process does not conform at that level or better.). (See Understanding accessibility support.). Guaranteed Compliance: Section 508 ADA PDF Remediation Services. Code content so elements are tabbed to in a sequential order that matches visual presentation of content (left to right, top to bottom). FEMA has a list of the testers on th e Intranet. Select a media player with caption controls and audio description controls that meet this requirement. In 1998, Congress amended the Rehabilitation Act of 1973to require Federal agencies to make their electronic and information technology (EIT) accessible to individuals with disabilities. Anything that is shown by the video should be described with the audio and text description accordingly and appropriately for assistive programs to be able to accomplish the right content. How to test. Provide a description of the error that includes the location of the error. This text allows visually impaired people using a screen review aid (or assistive software) to "hear" where they are in your Help system and to know what buttons they are pushing. Note: The default red color in CSS does not provide enough contrast against white if it's not large text. Use CSS to change the cursor to a pointer (in most browsers this looks like a hand). Equivalent alternatives should be synchronized with the content. 18F Accessibility Guide is a product of GSA’s Technology Transformation Services , and is managed by 18F . Traceability to 508. Best Practice: Ensure that a mechanism to control the content is easy to locate, is keyboard operable, and its purpose is clearly labelled. Where ICT displays video with synchronized audio, ICT shall provide user controls for closed captions and audio descriptions. Adding alternative text for images is the imperative, and needs to be done correctly: Try to answer the question “what information is the image conveying?” Each version should be as conformant as possible. Provide a clearly named to control (like a button) to initiate such changes. Start and end tags that are missing a critical character in their formation, such as a closing angle bracket, or a mismatched attribute value quotation mark, are not complete. Provide a descriptive title for each page or screen. Add alternate text as prompted in the Set Alternate Text dialog box. The user cannot navigate out of the dialog by just tabbing, and screen reader users cannot use keyboard shortcuts to access semantic elements (headings, landmarks, form elements, etc.) (Level AA). How does this software help me in the process to become Section 508 compliant. With more than 285 million people in the world who have visual impairments, we know there are many people who could benefit from a more accessible Instagram. Don't use javascript to perform a function that changes the page's context on the focus event (onfocus). The non-conforming version can only be reached from a conforming page that also provides a mechanism to reach the conforming version. Ensure that mechanism to control the content is easy to locate, is keyboard operable, and is clearly labelled as to its purpose. After deactivating the element currently in focus, set the focus to a specific location. One of the requirements to be Section 508 compliant is that – you have to provide text alternatives to all non-text content. If keyboard focus can be moved to a component of the page using a keyboard interface, then focus can be moved away from that component using only a keyboard interface, and, if it requires more than unmodified arrow or tab keys or other standard exit methods, the user is advised of the method for moving focus away. Web pages have titles that describe topic or purpose. Navigational mechanisms that are repeated on multiple web pages within a set of web pages occur in the same relative order each time they are repeated, unless a change is initiated by the user. The Accessible Name and Accessible Description for images is computed per. One version would need to be fully conformant in order to meet conformance requirement 1. Use simple tables instead of complex tables whenever possible. Content owners are the best resource for text descriptions since they know what information they want the image to convey. It acts like a regular dialog, but it is supposed to convey more of a sense of urgency. Requirements for 508 compliance. Insert a meaningful image with instead of background image. Logotypes (text that is part of a logo or brand name) are considered essential. Any information or functionality that is provided in a way that is not accessibility supported is also available in a way that is accessibility supported. Provide a clearly named control, such as a button, to initiate such changes. Performing a 200% zoom should not affect the content or functionality of the page. 508 compliance is the law that law-people wrote up to try and begin to set some standards. Best Practice: Although the requirement allows for it, avoid vague link text like "click here" and "read more". Section 508 requires all images on Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) websites and applications to have alt text. The first step when determining appropriate alternative text for an image is to decide if the image presents content and if the image has a function. Add keyboard accessibility to custom developed interface elements. To determine whether Alternate Text has been applied to a Data Table. Do all decorative images have “ “ in the alt text field? According to the 508 compliance team, the compliance requirements for a video are: 1. Where color is used to convey meaning, include another visual element (like a symbol or text) to convey the same meaning. If an input error is automatically detected, the item that is in error is identified and the error is described to the user in text. Tip: How to use “Alert” versus “Alert Dialog”. All non-text content that is presented to the user should have a text alternative that serves the equivalent purpose; since decorative images do not convey any meaning for any user, they should include a blank alt tag. D1. If technologies are used in a way that is not accessibility supported, or if they are used in a non-conforming way, then they do not block the ability of users to access the rest of the page. Meaningful background images must be supplemented with a text equivalent on the page. Provide language of content that is in a different language from the rest of the page. 2 Answers. For web pages that cause legal commitments or financial transactions for the user to occur, that modify or delete user-controllable data in data storage systems, or that submit user test responses, at least one of the following is true: Checked: Data entered by the user is checked for input errors and the user is provided an opportunity to correct them. It does not move the keyboard focus. Associate multimedia files with audio description track; label as audio described version. Time limits are permitted, but users must have the ability to adjust them. Automatic changes should not be initiated when a user makes a selection or enters information. (Level A). Using best practices for creating accessible documents makes Section 508 remediation much less costly. Review W3C's Alt Decision Tree for guidance on how to describe images. Provide audio description track for time-based media. The visual presentation of text and images of text has a contrast ratio of at least 4.5:1, except for the following: Select colors for text and background that exceed the contrast requirement. Best Practice: Ensure that mechanism to control the content is easy to locate, is keyboard operable, and is clearly labelled as to its purpose. More than one way is available to locate a web page within a set of web pages except where the web page is the result of, or a step in, a process. Test color contrast with the WebAIM color contrast checker. Best Practice: Put form instructions at the top of the form, instead of the middle. Use the Tags panel to add alternate text for images in the PDF. that are outside of the dialog. In some situations, the information being conveyed will be how an image looks (e.g., an artwork, architectural detail, etc.). Alternative Text is textual material [incorporated “behind the scenes” with each graphic] that a Screen Reader can capture and read aloud to the user. Avoid referring to visual indicators, like "the red button," or "the left-hand side of the page," or "the square box.". Source: http://adod.idrc.ocad.ca/acrobat9, InDesign Accessibility Guidelines For PDF Publication, ICT Refresh: WCAG, PDF/UA-1 and Section 508, Try to answer the question “what information is the image conveying?”, If the image does not convey any useful information, leave the alternative text blank (e.g. As a UX designer, I think it’s helpful to review exactly who will be using a specific feature and why. 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